Akira ONO

Ph. D. (University of Hokkaido)



Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology
Visiting Researcher, Meiji University 
Professor Emeritus, Tokyo Metropolitan University
born 26th February 1946 in Joetsu City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan

Education

1964-1969 Meiji University, B.A., Archaeology and Geography.
1969-1971 University of Okayama, M.A. Archaeology.
1971-1972 University of Tokyo, Faculty of Science, Biology Department, Research Student of Physical Anthropology.

Employment

1972-1973 Research stuff of the Nara National Cultural Properties Research Institute.
1973-1981 Research Associate of the University of Okayama, History Department, Seminar of Archaeology.
1981-1991 Associate Professor of the University of Niigata, Faculty of Humanities, ArchaeologyDepartment.
1991-1995 Professor of the University of Niigata, Faculty of Humanities, Archaeology Department.
1995-2009 Professor of the Tokyo Metropolitan University, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, History Department, Archaeology Laboratory.
2009 April Professor Emeritus, Tokyo Metropolitan University.
2010- 2015 Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology, Meiji University. Director of the Center for Obsidian and Lithic Studies.

Current Research

  1. Comparative archaeology of Pleistocene-Holocene transition.
  2. Late Palaeolithic settlement system with particular reference to the raw material procurement in East Asia.
  3. Flaked bone tools on the Plaeolithic of the world.
  4. Kill-butchering site issues on the basis of bone modification and taphonomic processes.

Academic Fellowship, Grant and Honors

Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation research fellowship: 1979-1980, West Germany.
National science research grant: 1973, 1975 and 1990. Japan
Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1), The Ministry of Education, No.04214108: 1991- 1995.
Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1), The Ministry of Education, No.09208103: 1996- 2000.
Tokyo Metropolitan University Research Foundation grant: 1996,1997 and 2001
Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation research fellowship: 2002-2003,Visiting Professor at the University of Tubingen.
Curt-Engelhorn Foundation research fellowship: 2003, in Mannheim.
Received the 10th IWAJYUKU-Culture Prize in honor of the advancement of Palaeolithic studies. November 2001, from Kasakake-Machi, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.
Received the Japan Association for Quaternary Research Award in 2009.
Member of the Quaternary Research Committee in the Japanese National Science Council.
President of the Asian Palaeolithic Association (APA), President 2012-2014.
Vice-President of the Japan Association for Quaternary Research.2009-present
Vice-President and Japanese delegate of the International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM). Executive member of the Japanese National Committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS).
Japanese delegate of the U.I.S.P.P, Commission VIII ( Paleolithique superieur).
President of the Japanese Palaeolithic Research Association.2010-present

Selected Publications

Books and Monographs

  • Ono, A. 2012 A Miracle Rediscovery of the Neanderthal, Asahi Sensho Nr. 891, Asahi Shinbun Publications Inc. Japan. 202P. ISBN978-4-02- 259991-9
  • Ono, A. (Ed.) 2012 Quaternary International, Vol. 248: Palaeoenvironmental changes and human dispersals in North and East Asia during MIS3 and MIS2
  • Ono, A.2007 Palaeolithic Perspectives: Japanese Islands and the World. Doseisha Co., Ltd., P. 277. Tokyo.(in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. (ed.) 2002. Mattobara III: A Late Palaeolithic camp site on the Shinano river terrace in Central North Japan. Tokyo Metropolitan University, Occasional Papers of Archaeology No. 7., 152P.+PL.XXII (in Japanese with English abstract)
  • Ono, A. 2001. Flaked Bone Tools: An alternative perspective on the Palaeolithic. University of Tokyo Press, P.290, Tokyo.(in Japanese with English abstract)
  • Ono, A., Koike, H., Fukusawa, H. and Yamada, H. (eds.) 2000. Environment and Humans : Reading human histories in nature. Asakura Publishing Co. Ltd. P.179, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. 1998. Corpus of flaked bone tools in the Palaeolithic. Archaeology Series No. 1, Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1). Ministry of Education. Project paper. P.93. Tokyo.
  • Ono, A. (ed.) 1997. Mattobara II: A Late Palaeolithic camp site on the Shinano river terrace in Central North Japan. Tokyo Metropolitan University, Occasional Papers of Archaeology No. 1., P. 100, Pl. XV. (in Japanese with English abstract)
  • Ono, A. and Suzuki, T. (eds.) 1994. Emergence of Potteries in the Circum Japan Sea areas. Yuzankaku Publishing Co. Ltd., P. 225, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. Harunari, H. and Oda, S. (eds.) 1992. Atlas of Japanese Archaeology. University of Tokyo Press, P.242, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. (ed.) 1992. Mattobara I: A Late Palaeolithic camp site on the Shinano river terrace in Central North Japan. Archaeology Department, University of Niigata. P. 64, Pl. XII. ( in Japanese with English abstract)

Selected Articles

  • Ono, A. 2013 Modern hominids in the Japanese Islands and the early use of obsidian: the case of Onbase Islet. World Heritage Papers, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS) 3, UNESCO (in press)
  • Ono, A. 2011a Natural environment and humans in the Palaeolithic, The Quaternary Research, 50:85-94.
  • Ono, A. 2011b Obsidian in the natural resource environment: a methodological perspective, Natural Resource Environment and Humans, 1:1-8
  • Ono, A. 2011c Frameworks and the present state of Palaeolithic studies in Japan. Anthropological Science (Japanese Series), 119: 1-8.
  • Ono, A. 2004a Human evolution and communicative development. The Japanese Journal of Clinical Dialysis, Vol. 20, No.10, pp. 1243-1248. (in Japanese with English abstract)
  • Ono, A. 2004b Recent studies of the Late Palaeollithic industries in the Japanese islands. Recent Palaeolithic Studies in Japan: Proceedings for tainted evidence and restoration of confidence in the Pleistocene archaeology of the Japanese archipelago. The Japanese Archaeological Association. pp.28-46
  • Ono, A. 2003 Fracture patterns and classification of flaked bone tools in the Palaeolithic. Veröffentlichungen des Landesamtes für Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt- Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Band 57/II(Festschrift für Dietrich Mania), pp.434-440.
  • Ono, A. 2002 Hominid adaptations in the Last Glacial of Central Europe. Journal of Geography, Vol. 111, No. 6, pp. 840-848. (in Japanese with English abstract)
  • Ono, A. 2001a. Calibrated dates and the archaeology of Central Europe in the Last Glacial- Postglacial transition. The Quaternary Research, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 527- 534 (in Japanese with English abstract )
  • Ono, A. 2001b. Europe: long chronology vs. short chronology. Quarterly of Archeology, Special issues on Lower Palaeolithic reserach . No.74, pp.49-52. (in Japanaese)
  • Ono, A. 2000. Chronologincal issues of Central North Europe during the Glacial – Postglacial transition. Festschrift of Professor H. Ohtsuka pp.992-1008. Tokyo-dou Press. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. 1999. Archaeological prospections for the Palaeolithic site, Mattobara. Journal of Archaeological Prospection Society of Japan. Vol. 1, No. 2, pp.34-39. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. 1998. Beginnings of new horizon of human history. Science Journal Vol. 68, No. 4, pp.285-293. Iwanami Publishing Co. Ltd., Tokyo. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. 1997. Re-excavation of the antler of Rangifer tarandus found at Sasagami, Niigata Prefecture, North Japan. Project Paper, pp. 45-51. University of Niigata. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. 1996. Possibility of "Allgemeine und vergleichnde Archäologie" proposed by H. Müller-Karpe. Festschrift of Professor K. Amakasu. Festschrift organizing committee. pp.391-400, Niigata. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. 1995. Provisional distinction between "Man the tool-maker" and "Pan the tool-maker." Primate Research Vol. 11, pp. 239-246. Primate Society of Japan, Kyoto. ( in Japanese with English abstract)
  • Ono, A. 1995. Die Altsteinzeit in Japan. Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum Mainz. 42. Jahrgang, pp. 3-19, 6Tafeln.
  • Ono, A. 1984 East Asia. In Neue Forschungen zur Altsteinzeit, Müller-Karpe, H. (Hrsg.) Allgemeine und Vergleichenden Archäologie, Band 4., Kommission fur Allgemeine und Vergleichende Archäologie des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Bonn.Verlag C. H. Beck, Munchen.
  • Ono, A., Sato, H., Tsutsumi, T., and Kudo, Y. 2002 Radiocarbon dates and archaeology of the Late Pleistocene in the Japanese islands. Radiocarbon, Vol.44, No. 2. pp. 477-494.
  • Ono, A., Oda, S. and Matsu’ura, S. 1999. Palaeolithic cultures and Pleistocene hominids in the Japanese islands: an overview. The Quaternary Research, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 177-183
  • Ono, A., Iguchi, H. and Morinaga, H. 1997. Magnetic detection of heated soils in experimentation. Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1). Ministry of Education. Project paper. pp. 43-48. Tokyo. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A. and Morinaga, H. 1996. Magnetic detection of heated soils at the Late Palaeolithic site Mattobara, North Japan. Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1). Ministry of Education. Project paper. pp. 22-24. Tokyo. (in Japanese)
  • Ono, A., Nakamura,Y., Yamakawa, F., and Watanabe, T. 1995b. Comparative analysis of cut marks on bones. Kokogaku Kenkyu (Quarterly of Archaeological Studies) Vol. 41, No. 4, pp.36-52. Okayama.(in Japanese with English abstract )
  • Ono, A. and the Nojiri-ko Excavation Research Group 1991. Archaeology of Lake Nojiri: a kill-butchering site of central north Japan in Later Pleistocene. The INQUA International Symposium on Stratigraphy and Correlation of Quaternary Deposits of the Asian and Pacific Regions (ed.by J. L. Harding) CCOP/TP 22:159-166.
  • Ono, A. and the Nojiri-ko Excavation Research Group 1986. Bone technology in the Late Palaeolithic of East Asia: a Nojiri-ko case study. The Pleistocene Perspective Vol.1, The World Archaeological Congress. Allen&Unwin.

Presentations at the International Congress and Workshop

  • Ono, Akira 7, July, 2012 Obsidian acquisition in the central Japanese islands during MIS3 and MIS2. The 5th Annual Meeting of the Asia Palaeolithic Association (APA) held in Krasnoyarsk and Kurtak, Russia 6-12, July, 2012
  • Ono, Akira 26, July, 2011 Obsidian exploitation and palaeoecology of the Japanese islands during MIS3 and MIS2. At the Session #32, XVIII INQUA (International Union for Quaternary Research )Congress, Bern, Switzerland.
  • Ono, Akira 25, September, 2012 Modern Human dispersals in the Japanese islands: Emergence of edge-ground stone adzes and the exploitation of obsidian. UNESCO World Heritage Thematic Programme, Human Evolution:Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), “Human Origin Sites in Asia and the World Heritage Convention”, September 24-27, 2012, Jeongok Prehistory Museum, Yeonchon, Korea.

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