Akira ONO

Ph. D. (University of Hokkaido)



Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology
Visiting Researcher, Meiji University
Professor Emeritus, Tokyo Metropolitan University
born 26th February 1946 in Joetsu City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan

Education

1964-1969 Meiji University, B.A., Archaeology and Geography.
1969-1971 University of Okayama, M.A. Archaeology.
1971-1972 University of Tokyo, Faculty of Science, Biology Department, Research Student of Physical Anthropology.

Employment

1972-1973 Research stuff of the Nara National Cultural Properties Research Institute.
1973-1981 Research Associate of the University of Okayama, History Department, Seminar of Archaeology.
1981-1991 Associate Professor of the University of Niigata, Faculty of Humanities, ArchaeologyDepartment.
1991-1995 Professor of the University of Niigata, Faculty of Humanities, Archaeology Department.
1995-2009 Professor of the Tokyo Metropolitan University, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, History Department, Archaeology Laboratory.
2009 April Professor Emeritus, Tokyo Metropolitan University.
2010- 2015 Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology, Meiji University. Director of the Center for Obsidian and Lithic Studies.

Current Research

  1. Comparative archaeology of Pleistocene-Holocene transition.
  2. Late Palaeolithic settlement system with particular reference to the raw material procurement in East Asia.
  3. Flaked bone tools on the Plaeolithic of the world.
  4. Kill-butchering site issues on the basis of bone modification and taphonomic processes.

Academic Fellowship, Grant and Honors

Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation research fellowship: 1979-1980, West Germany.
National science research grant: 1973, 1975 and 1990. Japan
Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1), The Ministry of Education, No.04214108: 1991- 1995.
Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1), The Ministry of Education, No.09208103: 1996- 2000.
Tokyo Metropolitan University Research Foundation grant: 1996,1997 and 2001
Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation research fellowship: 2002-2003,Visiting Professor at the University of Tubingen.
Curt-Engelhorn Foundation research fellowship: 2003, in Mannheim.
Received the 10th IWAJYUKU-Culture Prize in honor of the advancement of Palaeolithic studies. November 2001, from Kasakake-Machi, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.
Received the Japan Association for Quaternary Research Award in 2009.
Member of the Quaternary Research Committee in the Japanese National Science Council.
President of the Asian Palaeolithic Association (APA), President 2012-2014.
Vice-President of the Japan Association for Quaternary Research.2009-present
Vice-President and Japanese delegate of the International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM). Executive member of the Japanese National Committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS).
Japanese delegate of the U.I.S.P.P, Commission VIII ( Paleolithique superieur).
President of the Japanese Palaeolithic Research Association.2010-2014

Selected Publications

Books and Monographs

■Ono, A., Shimada, K., Hashizume, J., Yoshida, A., Kumon, F.(eds.) 2016 An Anthropography of the Prehistoric Central Highlands of Japan: the 2011-2013 Excavation Seasons at the Hiroppara Site Group, Nagano Prefecture. Center for Obsidian and Lithic Studies, Meiji University, Material and Reports. Number 1, 342P.
 ■Ono, A. Glascock, M.D., Kuzmin, Y.V., Suda, Y.(eds.) 2014a Methodological Issues for Characterisation and Provenance Studies of Obsidian in Northeast Asia., British Archaeological Reports (B.A.R.) International Series No.
2620, Archaeopress, Oxford.
■Yamada, M. & Ono, A. (eds.) 2014b Lithic raw material exploitation and circulation in prehistory: a comparative perspectives in diverse palaeoenvironments. ERAUL, No. 138, 230P. Liege, Belgium.
■Ono, A. and Izuho, M (eds.) 2012a Environmental changes and human occupation in East Asia during OIS3 and OIS2. British Archaeological Reports (B.A.R.) International Series 2352, Archaeopress, Oxford.
■Ono, A. 2012b A Miracle Rediscovery of the Neanderthal, Asahi Sensho Nr. 891, Asahi Shinbun Publications Inc. Japan. 202P. ISBN978-4-02- 259991-9 
■Ono, A.2007 Palaeolithic Perspectives: Japanese Islands and the World. Doseisha Co., Ltd., P. 277. Tokyo.(in Japanese)
■Ono, A. (ed.) 2002. Mattobara III: A Late Palaeolithic camp site on the Shinano river terrace in Central North Japan. Tokyo Metropolitan University, Occasional Papers of Archaeology No. 7., 152P.+PL.XXII (in Japanese with English abstract)
■Ono, A. 2001. Flaked Bone Tools: An alternative perspective on the Palaeolithic. University of Tokyo Press, P.290, Tokyo.(in Japanese with English abstract)
■Ono, A., Koike, H., Fukusawa, H. and Yamada, H. (eds.) 2000. Environment and Humans : Reading human histories in nature. Asakura Publishing Co. Ltd. P.179, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. 1998. Corpus of flaked bone tools in the Palaeolithic. Archaeology Series No. 1, Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1). Ministry of Education. Project paper. P.93. Tokyo.
■Ono, A. (ed.) 1997. Mattobara II: A Late Palaeolithic camp site on the Shinano river terrace in Central North Japan. Tokyo Metropolitan University, Occasional Papers of Archaeology No. 1., P. 100, Pl. XV. (in Japanese with English abstract)
■Ono, A. and Suzuki, T. (eds.) 1994. Emergence of Potteries in the Circum Japan Sea areas. Yuzankaku Publishing Co. Ltd., P. 225, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. Harunari, H. and Oda, S. (eds.) 1992. Atlas of Japanese Archaeology. University of Tokyo Press, P.242, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. (ed.) 1992. Mattobara I: A Late Palaeolithic camp site on the Shinano river terrace in Central North Japan. Archaeology Department, University of Niigata. P. 64, Pl. XII. ( in Japanese with English abstract)

Selected Articles

■Ono, A. (In press)Evidence of Symbolic Behavior during the Palaeolithic Period in Northeast Asia. Proceedings of 57th Hugo Obermaier-Gesellschaft, Heidenheim, 7th -11th April 2015. Kerns Verlag, Thübingen.
■Ono, A. 2014a Two patterns of obsidian exploitation in the Upper Paleolithic of the Japanese islands. The Dolni Vestonice Studies, Vol. 20, 41- 44. Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brono.
■Ono, A. 2014b Modern hominids in the Japanese Islands and the early use of obsidian: the case of Onbase Islet. World Heritage Papers, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS) 3, UNESCO (in press)
■Ono, A. 2011a Natural environment and humans in the Palaeolithic, The Quaternary Research, 50:85-94.
■Ono, A. 2011b Obsidian in the natural resource environment: a methodological perspective, Natural Resource Environment and Humans, 1:1-8
■Ono, A. 2011c Frameworks and the present state of Palaeolithic studies in Japan. Anthropological Science (Japanese Series), 119: 1-8.
■Ono, A. 2006 Flaked bone tools and the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition: A brief perspective. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia, 4 (28): 38-47.
■Ono, A. 2005 Chrono-stratigraphic frameworks and raw material procurement systems in the Upper Palaeolithic of Japanese islands. The 10th International Symposium: SUYANGGAE and her Neighbours. Yung-jo Lee, Jae-ho Kim, and Jong-yoon Woo (eds.) pp. 73-85.
■Ono, A. 2004a Human evolution and communicative development. The Japanese Journal of Clinical Dialysis, Vol. 20, No.10, pp. 1243-1248. (in Japanese with English abstract)
■Ono, A. 2004b Recent studies of the Late Palaeollithic industries in the Japanese islands. Recent Palaeolithic Studies in Japan: Proceedings for tainted evidence and restoration of confidence in the Pleistocene archaeology of the Japanese archipelago. The Japanese Archaeological Association. pp.28-46
■Ono, A. 2003 Fracture patterns and classification of flaked bone tools in the Palaeolithic. Veröffentlichungen des Landesamtes für Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt- Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Band 57/II(Festschrift für Dietrich Mania), pp.434-440.
■Ono, A. 2002 Hominid adaptations in the Last Glacial of Central Europe. Journal of Geography, Vol. 111, No. 6, pp. 840-848. (in Japanese with English abstract)
■Ono, A. 2001a. Calibrated dates and the archaeology of Central Europe in the Last Glacial- Postglacial transition. The Quaternary Research, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 527- 534 (in Japanese with English abstract )
■Ono, A. 2001b. Europe: long chronology vs. short chronology. Quarterly of Archeology, Special issues on Lower Palaeolithic reserach . No.74, pp.49-52. (in Japanaese)
■Ono, A. 2000. Chronologincal issues of Central North Europe during the Glacial – Postglacial transition. Festschrift of Professor H. Ohtsuka pp.992-1008. Tokyo-dou Press. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. 1999. Archaeological prospections for the Palaeolithic site, Mattobara. Journal of Archaeological Prospection Society of Japan. Vol. 1, No. 2, pp.34-39. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. 1998. Beginnings of new horizon of human history. Science Journal Vol. 68, No. 4, pp.285-293. Iwanami Publishing Co. Ltd., Tokyo. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. 1997. Re-excavation of the antler of Rangifer tarandus found at Sasagami, Niigata Prefecture, North Japan. Project Paper, pp. 45-51. University of Niigata. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. 1996. Possibility of "Allgemeine und vergleichnde Archäologie" proposed by H. Müller-Karpe. Festschrift of Professor K. Amakasu. Festschrift organizing committee. pp.391-400, Niigata. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. 1995. Provisional distinction between "Man the tool-maker" and "Pan the tool-maker." Primate Research Vol. 11, pp. 239-246. Primate Society of Japan, Kyoto. ( in Japanese with English abstract)
■Ono, A. 1995. Die Altsteinzeit in Japan. Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum Mainz. 42. Jahrgang, pp. 3-19, 6Tafeln.
■Ono, A. 1984 East Asia. In Neue Forschungen zur Altsteinzeit, Müller-Karpe, H. (Hrsg.) Allgemeine und Vergleichenden Archäologie, Band 4., Kommission fur Allgemeine und Vergleichende Archäologie des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Bonn.Verlag C. H. Beck, Munchen.
■Ono, A., Sato, H., Tsutsumi, T., and Kudo, Y. 2002 Radiocarbon dates and archaeology of the Late Pleistocene in the Japanese islands. Radiocarbon, Vol.44, No. 2. pp. 477-494.
■Ono, A., Oda, S. and Matsu’ura, S. 1999. Palaeolithic cultures and Pleistocene hominids in the Japanese islands: an overview. The Quaternary Research, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 177-183
■Ono, A., Iguchi, H. and Morinaga, H. 1997. Magnetic detection of heated soils in experimentation. Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1). Ministry of Education. Project paper. pp. 43-48. Tokyo. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A. and Morinaga, H. 1996. Magnetic detection of heated soils at the Late Palaeolithic site Mattobara, North Japan. Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on priority areas (1). Ministry of Education. Project paper. pp. 22-24. Tokyo. (in Japanese)
■Ono, A., Nakamura,Y., Yamakawa, F., and Watanabe, T. 1995b. Comparative analysis of cut marks on bones. Kokogaku Kenkyu (Quarterly of Archaeological Studies) Vol. 41, No. 4, pp.36-52. Okayama.(in Japanese with English abstract )
■Ono, A. and the Nojiri-ko Excavation Research Group 1991. Archaeology of Lake Nojiri: a kill-butchering site of central north Japan in Later Pleistocene. The INQUA International Symposium on Stratigraphy and Correlation of Quaternary Deposits of the Asian and Pacific Regions (ed.by J. L. Harding) CCOP/TP 22:159-166.
■Ono, A. and the Nojiri-ko Excavation Research Group 1986. Bone technology in the Late Palaeolithic of East Asia: a Nojiri-ko case study. The Pleistocene Perspective Vol.1, The World Archaeological Congress. Allen&Unwin.
 

Presentations at the International Congress and Workshop

■Science and Obsidian: An international perspective. EAST MEETS WEST: The Archaeology of Obsidian and Flint. 15th July 2016, Thedford, Invited lecture.
■The International Obsidian Conference 1-3, June 2016. Keynote speech: The impact of obsidian source studies on archaeology: a view from the Japanese islands. Regional Aeolian
Archaeological Museum "Luigi Bernabo Brea", Lipari, Italy.
■IX INQUA Congress, Nagoya、Session H31: Ono, A. Bone material procurement and tool-making technology on the Palaeolithic: a view from lithics, 29. July 2015
■Northeast Asian record of early symbolic behavior. Invited lecture at the 57th Annual meeting of Hugo Obermaier- Gesellschaft, April 2015. Heidenheim, Germany.
■ 1) Aspects of Japanese archaeology: from Palaleolithic to the formation of ancient state. 2) Contributions to the archaeological methods: Tephrochronology, and Obsidian analysis. Invited two lectures at the Department of Archaeology and Museology, Kiev National University, Ukraine, 16. October, 2014.
■Archaeology and modern society at a crossroad: a Japanese experience. Invited lecture at the Kiev National University, Ukraine, 15. October, 2014.
■Natural resource environment and humans around obsidian exploitation in the Central Highland, Japan. The 7th International Symposium of the Asian Palaeolithic Association, 12-14 November 2014, Gongju, Korea.
■Two patterns of obsidian exploitation in the Upper Palaeolithic of the Japanese islands. Mikulov Anthropology Meeting, Mikulov, Czech. 27-29 August 2014.
■Ono, A., Suda, Y., Sugihara, S., Kannari, T., and Hashizume, J., Obsidian Studies in Japan and the role of the Center for Obsidian and Lithic Studies, Meiji University, Poster presentaion. ARCEOINVEST SYMPOSIUM, International Symposium on Chert and Other Knappable Materials, “Alexandru loan Cuza” University, Iasi, Romania, 19 Aug. 19-26, 2013.
■Ono, Akira 25, September, 2012 Modern Human dispersals in the Japanese islands: Emergence of edge-ground stone adzes and the exploitation of obsidian. UNESCO World Heritage Thematic Programme, Human Evolution:Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), “Human Origin Sites in Asia and the World Heritage Convention”, September 24-27, 2012, Jeongok Prehistory Museum, Yeonchon, Korea.
■Ono, Akira 7, July, 2012 Obsidian acquisition in the central Japanese islands during MIS3 and MIS2. The 5th Annual Meeting of the Asia Palaeolithic Association (APA) held in Krasnoyarsk and Kurtak, Russia 6-12, July, 2012
■Ono, Akira 26, July, 2011 Obsidian exploitation and palaeoecology of the Japanese islands during MIS3 and MIS2. At the Session #32, XVIII INQUA (International Union for Quaternary Research )Congress, Bern, Switzerland.

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